Overbite is a common issue in kids and young teens. Some people ignore it as a minor aesthetic flaw till adult age also. However, it is not only a concern look-wise. An overbite can cause harm to your oral health resulting in serious dental issues. If you or your kids have an overbite, the upcoming detailed information can help you take the right step.
What is Overbite?
When your upper jaw overlaps your lower jaw, it’s an overbite. A slight overbite of 1 or 2 mm doesn’t matter much. But a gap more than that needs an Overbite treatment. With a pronounced malocclusion, you experience a recessive chin that disturbs the shape of the face.
What Happens if You Don’t Treat an Overbite?
• Gum Disease
The upper jaw overlaps the lower one. Thus, the lower front teeth damage the gum line of the upper front teeth and vice versa. These frictions lead to gum recession, gum disease, and tooth loss.
• Tooth Damage
The same kind of friction happens between the overbite teeth also due to misaligned jaw. As a result, they get hit by other teeth. This results in loss of enamel, fracture of teeth, and other issues.
• Pain in the Jaw and TMJ
The struggle to eat and speak with a misaligned jaw leads to headaches and jaw pain. An untreated overbite can even lead to TMJ (temporomandibular joint) disorder in a worst-case scenario.
• Difficulty in Speaking
With a profound malocclusion, it becomes challenging for you to pronounce certain words. A person with minor overbite may not experience phonetic changes. But in most cases, overbite is severe enough to cause speech problems.
• Sleep Disorder
You might experience obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and other sleeping disorders due to your overbite.
What Are the Options for Overbite Treatment?
• Dental Braces
Braces are the most common and proven treatment for overbite and various other orthodontic issues. It corrects the shape of the jaw by putting gradual pressure on it. Simultaneously it straightens the teeth and, if required, correct their alignment as well.
Invisalign is the ceramic braces customized according to the shape and color of your teeth. It is famous as discreet or invisible braces. It is not easily noticeable as the traditional metal braces. But Invisalign does the same job and is as effective as metal braces.
• Removal of Teeth
Sometimes orthodontists might suggest removing some teeth to correct the overbite. It is a much effective process for kids. The baby teeth can be removed so that adult teeth can grow correctly. In adults, it provides space for other teeth to move.
• Jaw Surgery
This overbite treatment is not suggested to everyone. Jaw surgery is prescribed to those with severe overbite only. Especially the people who face jaw misalignment at an older age will need jaw surgery. It is essential to prevent serious dental problems down the road.
Irrespective of which type of treatment your orthodontist prescribes, you need to maintain regular oral hygiene throughout your treatment. Reason being that cavities and tooth infections can hamper your overbite treatment.
Creating perfect smiles is what Dr. Satish Pai is committed to. An orthodontist by profession, he believes that a perfect smile is a powerful part of a person’s personality. When he is not working hard on perfecting his patients’ smiles at Putnam Ortho, he is busy writing engaging articles about everything related to healthy and perfect smiles. His other passions include golf, yoga and surfing. Spending time with his family always brings a smile on his face.